What caused the dust bowl Essay

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What caused the dust bowl Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Arkansas System

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 393

  • Pages: 2

What caused the dust bowl

In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French government for $15 million. The Louisiana Purchase stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to New Orleans, and it doubled the size of the United States and there was more to go. Thanks to the Louisiana purchased U.S. has gotten a better geographic, economic, social, and political stable. There was more land for the population to stretch out. More gold to be mine. Better education for the poverty. And finally there are the Democratic and Republican parties that change the political side of view.

To begin the main thing that changed the U.S. when Louisiana was purchased was the new geographic of U.S. This was a really good thing for farmers and agriculture, and a lot of settlers found opportunities in the new land. There were more states for people to move into them. Also another good thing was that there were more railroads for transportation. One negative fact about people going to the west was that the Native Americans were losing their territory, and fighting each other for the least territory there was left. Another terrific victory about the Louisiana Purchase was the boost of economic that was improving. There were so many things happening at the same time when people were moving to the west. There were lots of inventions being made like the Steamboat, the Telegraph, the Steam Locomotive and many more.

Another good thing that helps the economic was the gold rush in California 1841. Also industrialization affected the economic because goods began to be machine made rather than hand made. And finally there was the agriculture economic were there was lots of plantation of cotton and lots of invention for the farmers. Finally the westward expansion affected the U.S. in political views. One thing that U.S. got affected politically was that later on comes the civil war when states try to separate. Another way was slaves tried to escape from their owners. Also during that time Andrew Jackson becomes president. Andrew became a famous president by not following rules like the constitution and by adding Florida to the U.S. Finally the Democratic and Republican parties are invented.

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What Caused The Dust Bowl Essay

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What Caused The Dust Bowl Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of California

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 274

  • Pages: 1

What Caused The Dust Bowl

During the 1930’s a massive dust and sand storm hit the western horizon. Families across the nation were struck with the Depression, however, people living in the Southern Great Plains were not only affected by the Depression, but also by the 300 dust storms that destroyed their land. The three main reasons for the cause of the Dust Bowl were: the geography of the Southern Plains, heavy machinery used to farm, and dry climate. The main cause of the Dust Bowl was the geography of the Southern Plains. A sheepherder from texas said: “Grass is what hold the earth together” (Doc B). The grass in the Dust Bowl region was not very tall, however, the grass and its roots were a barrier that kept the sand and soil in place. Wheat farmers plowed the short grass prairie to create wheat farms, therefore leaving the dirt exposed and unprotected when the strong winds struck.

The heavy farm machinery being used destroyed the plains and led to the Dust Bowl. Farmers, like Fred Folkers, purchased a tractor that had the capacity of doing the job of ten horses (Doc C). With the new tractor, Folkers was able to produce a greater deal of goods than before. Unfortunately, Folkers’s tractor also increased the amount of shortgrass destroyed. The number of acres that were harvested between 1899 and 1929 doubled in eight Great Plains states (Doc D). The new heavy machinery that Folkers and other farmers were using crushed the dirt and soil into smaller pieces that could easily blow into the air.

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What Caused the Dust Bowl Essay

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What Caused the Dust Bowl Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Chicago

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 439

  • Pages: 2

What Caused the Dust Bowl

During the 1930’s, giant sand and dust storms hit the western horizon. Many families across the nation were struck with the Depression, however, families living across the Southern great plains were not only struck with Depression, but also by 300 dust storms that ruined all their land. The main reasons for the cause of the Dust Bowl were the geography of the Southern Great Plains, heavy machinery, and extremely dry climate.

One of the main causes of the Dust Bowl was the geography of the Southern Great Plains. A sheepherder from the west said, “Grass is what holds the Earth together.” (Doc B) Although the grass in the region was not very tall, the grass and its roots were a barrier that kept the soil and sand in place. Wheat farmers plowed the short grass leaving the dirt exposed and unprotected when the strong winds struck, creating massive dust storms as the wind picks the dirt up.

Next, the heavy farming machinery being used destroyed the plains and eventually led to the Dust Bowl. Fred Folker, a farmer, purchased and used a tractor that did the work of ten horses. (Doc C). By using this new tractor, Folkers was able to produce a greater amount of goods than before. On top of that, this tractor also increased the amount of shortgrass destroyed. The number of acres that were harvested between 1899 and 1929 doubled in eight Great Plains states (Doc D). This new, heavy machinery that many farmers used crushed the dirt and soil into smaller pieces and could easily be swept up into the air by the winds.

The final reason for the cause of the Dust Bowl was the dry climate. The Western explorer, John Wesley Powell discovered that the minimum amount of rainfall for successful farming on the Southern Great Plains was 20 inches. (Doc E). However, the average amount of rainfall for famers was between 17 and 18 inches. In Dallas, Texas, the average rainfall decreased from starting at 33 inches in 1923, to 12.74 inches in 1940. The amount of rainfall was not enough to grow crops, so a massive drought was caused.

To finalize, the Dust Bowl was a very depressing time. Families and people were struck by massive storms of dust, along with the Depression. If it wasn’t for the geography of the Southern Great Plains, heavy machinery, and the extremely dry climate, the Dust Bowl would have never existed, and times back then would be much easier.

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