University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
The Beginning of Agriculture
The beginning of Agriculture was found years ago. It involves plants and animals. It was developed 10,000 years ago. At that time, people began altering plant and animal communities for benefit through fire stick farming. Humans survived as foragers or hunter gatherers, gathering wild plants and hunting animals in their environment. Agriculture has significant developments since the time of the earliest cultivation.
The Fertile Crescent of Western Asia, Egypt, and India were the earliest sowing and harvesting plants. Independent agriculture happened in northern and southern China, Africa’s Sahel, New Guinea parts of India and several regions of the Americas. Agricultural deals with irrigation, crop rotation,fertilizers, and pesticides. They were developed a long time ago, but were made with great strides in the past.
Corn, grass, tress, wild life was the key to the beginning of agricultre for the early. The wild crops including wheat, barley, and peas are traced to the Near East region. Cereals were grown in Syria as long as 9,000 years ago. Though the transition from wild harvesting was gradual, the switch from a nomadic to a settled way of life is marked by the appearance of early Neolithic villages with homes equipped with grinding stones for processing grain.
The origins of rice and millet farming date to the same Neolithic period in China. In Mexico, squash cultivation began around 10,000 years ago, but corn had to wait for natural genetic mutations to be selected for in its wild ancestor, teosinteCorn later reached North America, where cultivated sunflowers also started to bloom some 5,000 years ago. This is also when potato growing in the Andes region of South America began.