1.0 Introduction to Technology In this twenty first century, there are many type of technology definition. According to Wikipedia, technology is the making, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, technique, craft, systems or method of organization in attempt to solve a problem or perform a specific function. In another words, it can refers to the collection of tools, machinery and procedures.
By the way, this term of technology actually derived from the Greek word ‘techne’ and ‘logia’. ‘Techne’ means craft while ‘logia’ means a study of something. During in ancient time of periodic history, people live in lack of technology, tools, knowledge and inventions. Later, people start to create something new in order to easier them to live their life routine. They created knife and weapon to hunt animals and also created proper cloths. So, in this early stage of human technology, we can say that people invent and creating new things based on their needs.
2.0Technology in Our Life Due to this 21st century, John Bilton in his written classified the technology into five classes. The classes are technology as objects, technology as knowledge, technology as activities, technology as a process, and technology as a socio technical system. Those classes are describing such as below:
* Technology as objects refers to tools, machines, instruments, weapons and other physical devices of technical performance. * Technology as a knowledge is about the knowledge behind the technological innovation. * Something that started from a need and end with a solution is called technology as a process. * While technology as a socio technical system is regarding to the manufacturer and use of objects involving people and other objects in combination. With reference of John Bilton technologies classification above, we can see that many things around us are about technology. We use electrical devices to do our house chores; we use electronic devices in office work, we use telecommunication devices to gain information. We drove to work, we love to eat frozen food and so on.
3.0The Important Of Technology in Our Life. Technology development is changing rapidly especially in this 21st century. More invention towards technology allows people to create and discover more tools, appliances and knowledge in order to provide a better living. That makes technology very useful and important in our life. Our daily lives have been improved and work became easier. The importance of this application can be found in various fields such as economy, education, communication, healthcare industry, domestic used and many more.
First, technology is important in expand and develop small business to a bigger business affair. Technology provides newer equipments and devices to improve company’s products, services and thus contribute good profits. For example, marketing strategies can be done via internet, the most popular medium that has the biggest user all over the world. The internet is accessible easily through the electronic devices such as laptop and Smartphone. Another example can be a good design of processing machine in manufacturer industry. Within this technology courtesy, tools and proper machinery are designed to meet the need in attempt to maximize the productions.
Moreover, technology is also play an essential part in enhancing education system. We can deny that technological advancements in education field are fast evolving. Computer is widely used in teaching and learning process. Teaching and learning process is being transformed to be more interactive and attractive. Nowadays, computer aided assessment is one of the feature to assist teacher to evaluate their student achievements. Computer aided assessment can be defined as a term that covers all forms of assessment whether in a summative or formative. It is delivered with the aid of computer and marked automatically by the system.
Besides, e-learning and video conferencing in teaching and learning process proved us that technology is being utilized in education field. . Furthermore, technology is important in communication field. As we all know, advances in communications technology has made us more accessible and the communication can be more effective. Basically, technology in communication is endless. From the simple handheld devices now we have android pc, smart phone, ipad, iphone, broadband, 3 G’s and 4 G’s technologies and others. Technology in communication helps us to connect with people closer and fast. It aid people to get useful information from the internet as needed.
Beside, technology is involved in healthcare industry. Many tools and equipments is well designed to save life and kept the health rate up. Most people do not realize that technology in medicinal is grown as fast as technology in communication. Nowadays, surgeries are done more quickly with the aid from technology. Operation theater in most government hospital is well equipped with modern technologies in order to provide the best treatment for the patients. Technology is helping people to find the fastest mechanism to create treatments for new illnesses and to keep people alive during tough surgeries.
Modern people in this modern society adapted many technology inventions in their life style. They woke up early in the morning alarmed by the technology devices, getting ready by the aid of modern amenities of bathing, serving a breakfast within technology application such as refrigerator, ovens, toaster, coffee maker and more. In another words, technology is imply in our routine days. Our work day also begins with the aid of modern technology such as vehicles, cell phones, automated teller machines, computers, and so on. In this context, we can say that technology makes our life easier and better progress.
4.0Disadvantages of Technology in Our Life Even though lots of benefits are listing but there are still disadvantages toward the technology. Politician, academician and man in street have their own opinion about technology used in our society. In addition, philosophical around the world also debate over the present and future use of technology with disagreements whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Technology in its negative perspective can be seen in several aspects. First, most of the technology does not promote exercise. For example, there are lots of vehicles or transportation created so that human movement can be faster and easier.
This phenomenon can contribute to the factors of laziness and passive among young and adult civilization. Second, technology also can cause a social detachment. People will busy with their own gain, be more selfishness, and lack of involvement in reality communication. They are tending to prefer online chatting, meeting people in virtual rather than having a conversation with their neighbors next door. For instance, people seem to be addicted to the features on social website such as Facebook, Friendster, MySpace, and Tweeter. In addition, school children also involve in computer games and spending much time on it, instead of playing football or meeting with friends.
Furthermore, technology is to be blame in growing numbers of criminal. An advance weapons, equipments and devices of technology appliances are being exploited to execute crime. For example, the hacker can cause a severe problem to a financial agency computerized systems, a robber can frighten the victims with a rifle, internet can spread rumor all over the world and many others. All these analogies are most common scene happened in our advance technology environment. Anyhow, all these wrong doing actually can be lessen if each and everyone know their responsibility and aware about living peacefully.
Conclusion Technology in term can be defined as the collection of tools, machinery and procedures in attempt to solve a problem or perform a specific function. In 21st century, the definition of technology is divided into 5 classes in order to identify the function of technology. The classes consist of technology as objects, technology as knowledge, technology as activities, technology as a process, and technology as a socio technical system. Technology fundamental is encompasses various aspect of human living such as economy, social, education, healthcare and others. It helps our life comfortable, convenience, less difficult and better in progress.
Nevertheless, technology can be harmful to people if it is using inappropriately or in a wrong way. However, technology cannot work properly and improve without human intelligent. Human create the technology thus, the creator should control the technology. Within lots of improvements hence, we as the human should be the one who controlling this advance technology instead of it controlling us.