University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Priciple in health and social care
To understand how principle of support are implemented in health and social care practice it starts from analysing equal opportunities ,independence , individuality respect ,partnership and having a lot of respect for different cultures and value also providing care support and a lot of attention for individual for friends and family . Also understanding how the principle of support are implemented in health and social care involved a lot of confidentiality (policies about sharing information) supporting different preferences wishes and special needs , respect for the privacy of a person and dignity.
Another aspect of the principle of support in health and social care is protection from risk and harm, assessing risk to self and others, right of the individual to take their own risk. The principle of support is vital to a successful health and social care settings The meaning of the word (principle) can describe the moral rule, a constant regulation of behaviour accordingly to moral law .The principle of support is essential in health and social care organisations, as part of a well, prosper services. Before choosing the right health and social care services people usually check the standards and the quality of the provider. This is a very important aspect because this assure them if the quality of the services they will get will satisfy their needs, like getting a better treatment and a better caring for themselves, family and friends. In some countries the governments are actively helping the citizen for getting a better health and social care services and they make sure the citizen gets the best support on the social care sector. The social support is another type of health and social care support which is related to the person health. For understanding how principle of support are implemented in health and social care practice its essential to specify the procedures for protecting clients , patients and colleagues from risk and harm.
There are many types of harm like physical abuse, emotional abuse, verbal abuse ,sexual abuse .In health and social care settings we could see those type of abuses. Before the procedure of protecting the clients, patients and colleagues from harm we need to recognise the risk and we should know how to respond to it. Each type of abuse against clients, patients and colleagues need to be first recognised and after that proceed for protection. Once we identify the sign of the type harm the next step will be to start protecting the person by following some simple steps accordingly to the situation and take the responsibility for this harm not happening again. Depends on the circumstances and depends on the type of harm caused the person in charge will proceed and follow the necessary steps to assure the protection of the abused(harm) person. In the social care settings we could face different type of harm and risk If we are talking about the harm against a person that is could be a clients ,colleagues , patients like for example a vulnerable patient that is being emotionally abused by a member of staff .The person that will notice the harm (abuse ) should take first step in informing the person in charge .The person that report that should have a strong evidence about that .For instance in this example if there is an emotional abuse it may cause the patient physiological trauma, including anxiety or chronic depression. There are also some kind a risk in health and social care settings like in any organisation. If we are talking about the risk in health and social care settings we should start by referring to the meaning of the word risk .The risk is a chance, high or low that someone will be harmed by a hazard. There are hazard from equipment, from infection, from physical environment.
The person-centred approach talks about the people perspective and what is important for them .If we are trying to see the benefits of following a person –centred approach with users of health and social care services, then first aspect would be to open up to the opportunity that the person centred could offer. The person-centred its talking from the perspective of the person and what could be important for him/her. This means that they are listening to each person and help them to live the lives they choose by working close with their families and friends.
In determining what constitutes an ethical dilemma it is necessary to make a distinction between ethics values, morals laws and policies. Ethics rely on logical and rational criteria to reach a decision and essentially cognitive process (Loewenberg and Harrington) Robinson and Reeser 2002. It is also essential that the distinction to be made between personal and professional ethics and values (Congress 1999, Wilshere 1997) The health and social care worker encounter a complex situation when working with individual, families, groups and communities. There could arise dilemmas and conflicts that have a strong ethical dimension. The dilemmas and conflict arise from the tension between rights and responsibilities between risk and protection, between assessed needs and available resources. The ethical dilemmas arise when a difficult problem cannot be solved in a way that will satisfy everyone. Always when a ethical dilemma arise there must be found a solution.
On the other hand the legislation, regulation and policies are influencing our own work in health and social care .All the personal in health and social care should follow the legislation, the policies and procedures that protect the employees and the one using this services .For example the Health and safety work Act 1974 is essential to be respected because it helps protecting others from harm and risk that could take place at the workplace. All the regulation and code practices are essential to maintain the safety and to help employee create a good environment in work place .Policies and procedures provide those basic infrastructure for a quality covering all aspects of work. The policies needs to be reviewed on a regular basis and updated where is necessary .For example if there is a change in the equipment or workplace it will be necessary to improve those policies.
When the policies, regulation and the codes of practice change and the organisation needs to adapt it will always be employees that will not be satisfy with the new changes. The policies, code of practice are usually the guide of a company and it communicates to the employees what its wrong and what is right. This has a positive role on the organisation if all the employees will follow and keep the policy and regulations as a main guide in the work place. All of this policies, legislation, regulation and code of practice will be helpful to strengthen the relationship between the organisation and all those involved directly or indirectly in its activities. Respecting all of this it could result in higher performance and profits for the organisation. On the other hand there could be negative impact as well because of some employees that will not agree with the policies, code practice and other legislation set by the government and follow by the organisation. The set of policies and code of practice in the health and social care settings are strongly impacted by the legislation or regulation set by the government.
Book 1 Health and Social care level 3 ,BTEC National
Human resources for health 2004