University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Hellenistic and Greek
The Hellenistic world between 323 and 30 BCE represents the time of the Hellenistic civilization that was brought about by the influence of the Greek in the ancient world. This is the period between the time when Alexander the great died and when Augustus became the first emperor of the Rome. This Greek culture was adopted and had an eventual effect on the world of the Mediterranean and even beyond.
This age was then preceded by the classical age which became known in the 19th century. Alexander the Great played a key role in the spread of Hellenism to the Middle East, East Asia and the African continent (Manson, 4). During his time of campaigning he conquered the Persian Empire, and other lands like Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Egypt and other parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The end of the period is when the Roman Republic conquered Greece.
The Greek architecture dealt with decorations mostly sculptures of which were the basic feature of the temple. Among the most common seen works include those of Parthenon. Apart from the temples, the Greek also built the theaters which can be seen from the ruins in the present time. The works of the Greeks represented a kind of repose, harmony and proportion to its effect which is identified by the selection of materials, their style and site, and the arrangement of the masses of stones. Most importantly, there were the distinctive Doric temples which were twice as long as they were once wide, and half as they were wide.
The Greek architecture is different from that of the Egyptian culture (Manson, 2). In particular, Egyptians used to cover nearly every bit of space with ornament. The Egyptians did not make a gable to the roofs as the Greek did in order to ward off the weather. This thus shows how weather brought about new different features between the two cultures. Concisely, Apart from internal aesthetics, the outer architectural designs were controlled by the climatic conditions of the two locations.