Global Societies Essay

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Global Societies Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Chicago

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 446

  • Pages: 2

Global Societies

Globalization aims to unite the world, and its rapid growth does not create any problems. This process is hindered by a lack of commitment to the ideology of globalization and the lack of a desire to form a global community. Globalization is not restricted to industrialization, modernization and bringing cheap goods into developing nations (Rich). The notion of globalization is often deemed to be synonymous with the process of Americanization. Subsequent to the Second World War and the end of the Cold War, the United States emerged as the sole superpower.

The concept of globalization was conceived and sustained by the United States. Under globalization, national interests are transformed into global interests and the concept of nationalist groups is extended. Globalization and its results are criticized by many, due to the greed of some nations that affects the overall performance of globalization (Rich). Similarly, the United Nations International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have been exploited by some wealthy countries. The richest countries can influence these entities as they hold most of the controlling power in them.

The United States is one such country and it wields considerable power in international organizations (Rich). Thus, it is true to contend that Americanization has played a major role in the process of globalization. Unprecedented prosperity has been witnessed in the world, due to the twin effects of economic integration and technology. The progress of technological innovation has been outstanding, and with the advent of globalization, there has been a tremendous spurt in such change. The hindrances to international trade are being continuously removed, consequent to the process of market liberalization.

The latter process has resulted in enhanced competition, greater efficiency, reduction in costs, increased sophistication and specialization in technology, greater proliferation of technology and business paradigms, and a marked increase in innovativeness (Karagiannis and Witter). Globalization and the spread of information are the principal influencing factors in today’s world. Supporters of these forces claim that they do not provide immediate economic results. They accept that these avenues have significant effect on culture and social domains.Globalization created global consciousness throughout the world (Kluver).

Works Cited Karagiannis, Nikolaos and Michael Witter. The Carribean Econmies in an Era of Free Trade. Ashgate Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 0754640701, 2004. P. 71. Kluver, Randy. Globalization, Informatization, and Intercultural Communication. 30 April 2008 <http://www. acjournal. org/holdings/vol3/Iss3/spec1/kluver. htm>. Rich, Alex K. “Counterpoint: Globalization Brings the World Together. ” Points of View: Globalization (2007): p3-3, 1p; Reading Level (Lexile): 1320; (AN 26614132).

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Global Societies Essay

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail
Global Societies Essay
Rate this post

  • University/College:
    University of Chicago

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 433

  • Pages: 2

Global Societies

The advancement of science led to the development of a new branch of study known as genetic anthropology. The major project of this discipline is in determining human migratory patterns, ethnic differences and ancestral relationships by studying the DNA of various peoples around the globe and physical evidences as well (genomics. energy. gov). It is a manifestation of the role of science in furthering knowledge about these aspects of the human past.

Majority of human DNA, when passed from one generation to the next, mixes in the process which is the condition that makes each individual unique. However, some elements of DNA are inherited unchanged by offspring. For instance, the Y chromosome is inherited by sons from their fathers and the mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA is passed on from mother to child (genomics. energy. gov). These DNA components can and do mutate from time to time turning into genetic markers that can be passed on from one generation to the next.

Over the passage of time, people who inhabit a particular geographic area will have these common genetic markers and when they migrate, they carry these markers with them. The Y chromosome and mtDNA are akin to genetic family names which permits males to trace their paternal genealogy and for both males and females to determine their maternal genealogy (Mitotyping Technologies). DNA studies of indigenous peoples also permit scientists to determine the period in time and specific area when certain genetic markers came about.

Hence, the genetic markers in every individual can be used to trace the region and migration pattern of their ancestors (AP). The biogeographic ethnicity of a person can also be inferred from DNA analysis. The mtDNA is primarily used in establishing the place of origin of a person’s ancestors as well as other information on genetic backgrounds as claimed by many DNA testing laboratories (Mitotyping Technologies). However, the scientific community has still to come up with a single accepted definition of genetic ethnicity.

Works Cited

AP (Associated Press). Human Migration Traced Through Genes. MSNBC. com. 13 April 2005. 30 April 2008 <http://www. msnbc. msn. com/id/7489681/> Genomics. energy. gov. DNA, Ancestry and Ancient Human Migrations. 8 January 2008. 30 April 2008 <http://www. ornl. gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/ elsi/humanmigration. shtml> Mitotyping Technologies. About mtDNA. 2007. 30 April 2008 http://www. mitotyping. com/59859492812154/blank/browse. asp? a=383&BMDRN= 2000&BCOB=0&c=51354&5985Nav=%7C&NodeID=96

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