Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin in Kindergarten Essay

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Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin in Kindergarten Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Chicago

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 1274

  • Pages: 5

Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin in Kindergarten

       A foreign language is a language spoken in another country and is indigenous to that country. In many nations around the word there has been interest to initiate foreign language in Kindergarten before the kids joins primary school (Hawkings,1996).From the past experiences, there has always been frequently asked question whether the foreign language should start to be taught in the kindergarten, the level at which the kids are five to six years of age .This from concern that that foreign class is most boring ,the kids don’t posses good conversation skills, vocabulary needed is to learn the nuances of a foreign language and that the language requires higher comprehension which is difficult for the kids at this stage . Since there is need to teach the foreign language for we need help and social interaction from other nations and for other benefits from international relation, the question cannot be assumed. I strongly agree it should start at this level for four major reasons, first, their brain at this level has a greater capacity to absorb information, second, the world is getting more diverse and there is need for children to interact from different ethnicities, third, for education advancement, and lastly, its one factor for the professional and intellectual development.

        According to satchwell, (2004) the children at this stage learn more quickly as compared to the older children. At the stage they are able to grasp new and basic information fast as compared to children in other levels especially high school who struggle much to grasp the structure of any new language. A good explanation to the fact is computer, which when used at first time runs very fast but slows down gradually with time. The kids are also so much susceptible to new information and develop interest to know more about it. This is same case when taught foreign language .They will became more curious about outer world culture and habits differing from them .It’s interesting to hear them go home and tell their parents what new they have learnt and consequently this increases their level of comprehension

        On intellectual degree and professional scale, recent studies done, learning a new language can helps children develop their intelligence. This is because the process of reading, listening, writing and speaking abroad languages helps kids naturally develop the ability of coding and decoding process. Consequently, there is more links between neurons which are determining aspect of intelligence. Furthermore, in early ages, kids mind is like sponge which gets vocabulary quicker and more simply, naturally than that of older children. Therefore, when kids are taught foreign languages at earlier stages, they understand it deeper; learn faster, and the better they became (chambers, 2000)

        On the other hand, on professional scale, studying foreign languages in kindergarten, kids are more probably to “leg up” over further in the profession market. This from fact that the world is also becoming so much diverse and the foreign language taught at this stage will enable the children to access the same opportunities with those that are of other countries or rather we can precisely say, the more young wait for the higher level the more they shall wait or even lack access to these opportunities. The benefit they gain is not just about their understanding concerning the foreign language, but latter in their studies also about the way of living of the nations speaking those languages. Clearly, the exact for bilingual, multilingual professional is advancing higher and higher for the reason of the expansion of globalization (Gil and alabau, 2006).

         For academic advancements, young kids studying foreign language usually have good attention skills to select and maintain focus as compared to other children in older stage who only understands one language; they also develop proficiency in the level of language in reading, writing and speaking. Indeed according to the research done by Cornell Language Acquisition La (1962) it shows that elementary school starters are 70 per cent more likely to reach an intermediate level of communication; therefore exposure to secondary language in early ages plays important key role in academic success.

        As if not sufficient argument to convince the opponents,Nitowski gives us the experience where she says that since she opened school in Danbury and started training that incorporated Foreign language in her Helena Nitowski kindergarten ,for the past fifteen years, it has proved to be integral component in producing productive member to the global society,. From Nitowski, Katz is so much exited that she even says, “To young children, instructing on foreign language is like wiring the brain in different ways.” The work of Nitowski never ended there, for latest seven years all the kids in Danbury have to attend fifth-grade (western Connecticut Academy) to study world culture and their language where they are basically taught in Spanish (Nikolov,M, 2009).

          According to Ellis and Mark (2005), some children do not make connection between the two languages due to lack of awareness and understanding of them. They argue that, Foreign languages taught in Kindergarten do not stick to the children for more than a year. According to Mark, many people do not remember any foreign language words they learnt. He states, “Kindergarteners learn the same phrases, yet they do not remember.” That shows that they cannot retain as much information as my opponent states. “He goes ahead by saying that currently, elementary schools teach a different language every year and this does not help the children. Moreover, they become increasing confused with each coming year of elementary schools. I would like to strongly oppose the idea for, it’s all about which level to initiate and once started in Kindergarten, it should be continuous to the other levels.

         From above arguments, these instructions in Kindergarten are much important for any nation. Though there has aroused concern from the current research done by National defense education (2003), More money has been used in schools to purchase equipments, materials, and other items. All this have been used to implement the instructional of foreign languages in Kindergarten, the major problem that exists is in determining which foreign language should be taught, for example, in New Orleans, French language is more of important to students.

         To conclusion, the profession development, intellectual development and higher comprehensive power in kids should motivate the educators as well as the entire nations in educating kid’s foreign language in their early ages. Though implementing this at the stage when they are beginning to learn the very first instruction in life may look sensitive. Still, training foreign languages to kids in kindergarten is awarding.

References

Nikolov, M. (2009). Early learning of modern foreign languages: Processes and outcomes. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Issues in Bilingual Education. (2001). S.l: Branden Pub

Muñoz, C. (2006). Age and the rate of foreign language learning. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Watzke, J. L. (2003). Lasting change in foreign language education: A historical case for change in national policy. Westport, Conn: Praeger

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Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin In Kindergarten Essay

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Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin In Kindergarten Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Arkansas System

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 1357

  • Pages: 5

Foreign Language Instruction Should Begin In Kindergarten

For years it was thought that learning foreign language is getting more and more important because of the globalization. In order to acquire a new language as soon as possible, amounts of parents would like to let their children begin to learn new languages in kindergarten. There are many positive effects if people learn foreign language when they are young children. Even though adults have advantages in learning new languages as well, children learning language easier than adults is still a common thing. This essay examines firstly that obtaining a new language benefits children increase their critical thinking skills and children are good at imitating native pronunciation then considers the advantage about adults learning additional language followed by the drawback of children learning new language in kindergarten.

First of all, learning foreign language in kindergarten benefits young children to enhance their brains. Catherine Ford mentioned that the brain can been seen as muscle, the more exercises it does the better it functions, (2014). Every part can be trained even human brains. Take athletes as an example, every athletes need to do the exercises to build up their muscles, seems like the more exercises they do the stronger they are. However, they begin their sport area probably when they are teenagers. One thing should be known that human brains is the first part begin to strengthen, so it is a strategic decision to begin foreign language instruction in kindergarten. Moreover, young children do not need to learn difficult words in kindergarten, which makes these children are more interested in new language without any pressure. Basically children are always interested in fresh things, so they would like use what they have just learnt, which helps them to memorize new language words.

It is clear to see that children could obtain a new language when they play soma games in kindergarten with their peers. Some pupils are rebellious when they grow up, so it is a good chance to teach them language when they are in preschool. In addition, young children are really good at imitating native pronunciation, which is also an extremely crucial reason. ‘Children who learn a language before the onset of adolescence are much more likely to have native-like pronunciation’ (Baker, F n.d.). Compare to the adults who learn foreign language, it is well known that adults have experienced how to learn a language, but they always use the origin language pronunciation to learn foreign language. There are different grammars in different languages as well, so using the same way to learn new language wastes time sometimes.

Another thing is that adults cannot only learn some simple words, because when they have a conversation with someone else they need to know many vocabularies of different aspects. All of these words’ pronunciations need to be memorized, which is a tough question for adults. Although children have to learn more words then adults when they grow up, they can still deal with it because they have already learnt the foundation of the language and made steady progress step by step. Perhaps it can be seen that children learn new language more easily than adolescence. On the other side, it should be doubted that the ability of adults to obtain a new language is weaker than the one of children. Basing on the word from Mo Costandi ‘The brain’s neuroplasticity decreases with age, but this shouldn’t put off older learners.’ (2014).

Although the brain of an adult is different than the brain of a child, which is totally developed and might become more mature and more ineradicable toward aged issues even more resistant to a new thing. Human are never too old to learn, the ability of brain is immeasurable, scientists believes that the brain is a highly dynamic structure, which changes itself in response to new experiences, and adapts to injuries. (2014) Comparing to children, with large lives experience, adults can learn a new word by searching a relevant memory, that is the reason why learning a new language’s vocabulary is much easier for adults than learning the grammar and syntax. While without enough experience, children are difficult to understand a new word. Moreover, learning a new language is good for the health of the brain, some research suggested that pick up a second language can decreased the change to get a senile dementia for older learner.

Secondly, children learn foreign language could forget their first language. It means if young children learn second language and practice with their partners for a long time, the mother language could be forgotten. ‘Research has shown that it is important to develop a child’s first language literacy before introducing a second language’ (APEC 2006). In this aspect, adults do it better than preadolescence, because they have used their mother languages for several decades. This research shows that human can have a deep memory with the languages what have been used for many years. By the way, if foreign languages are provided in kindergarten or preschool, most of children probably are going to lose their own mother languages. Sometimes languages could be seen as cultures.

Part of parents would like to see their children studying foreign language in kindergarten only because they want to make their children have more advantages than children’s competitors in the future. However, these children’s foreign languages could not better than native speaker’s, and they lose their countries’ cultures. All of these illustrate children begin to learn foreign language in kindergarten is not suitable. It has been seen that, learning foreign language in kindergarten brings children not only the increase of critical thinking, but also the development of imitating skills.

However, younger children could get more pressure when study extra language course and adults have experienced how to learn a language. Statistics show that there is still an increase in children learning a new language. More research needs to be carried out on implications of this trend for children learning foreign language with making their minds more creativity and flexibility.

Reference list

APEC 2006, Language learning and age, APEC, viewed 24 February 2015, http://hrd.apec.org/index.php/Language_Learning_and_Age

Baker, F n.d., Children learning a second language, Kidspot, viewed 05 March 2015, http://www.kidspot.com.au/schoolzone/General-Children-learning-a-second-language+4095+396+article.htm

Clarke, P 2009, Supporting children learning English as a second language in the early years (birth to sic years), VCAA, viewed 05 March 2015,
http://www.vcaa.vic.edu.au/documents/earlyyears/supporting_children_learning_esl.pdf

Costandi, M 2014, ‘Am I too old to learn a new language?’, The Guardian, 13 September, viewed 26 February 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/sep/13/am-i-too-old-to-learn-a-language

Ford, C 2014, ”Children should start learning languages at age three”, The Telegraph, 10 October, viewed 05 March 2015, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationopinion/11151726/Children-should-start-learning-languages-at-age-three.html

Henry, J 2012, ‘Foreign language to be compulsory from age seven’, The Telegragh, 09 June, viewed 26 February 2015, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/primaryeducation/9321651/Foreign-languages-to-be-compulsory-from-age-seven.html

Mclaughlin, B 1992, Myths and misconceptions about second language learning: what every teacher needs to unlearn, University of California, viewed on 26 February 2015, https://www.usc.edu/dept/education/CMMR/FullText/McLaughlinMyths.pdf

Merritt, A 2013, ‘Are children really better at foreign language learning?’, The Telegraph, 18 September, viewed 05 March 2015, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationopinion/10315238/Are-children-really-better-at-foreign-language-learning.html

Schartwen, E 2008, ‘Aussie kids ‘need a second language’’, Sydney Morning Herald, 23 May, viewed 26 February 2015, http://www.smh.com.au/national/aussie-kids-need-a-second-language-20080522-2hey.html

Schouten, A 2009, The critical period hypothesis: support, challenge, and reconceptualization, Kanda University of International Studies, viewed 04

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