Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Essay

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Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of California

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 395

  • Pages: 2

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

While reading both articles The Death Penalty Violates the Constitution of the United States and Cyberbullying Has a Broader Impact than Traditional Bullying, I found that there were both deductive and inductive argument presented with in the articles. On the first article about the death penalty, the author used inductive arguments to make his point. An example of and inductive argument in this article is “Furthermore, emotional impact, biased jurors, and discriminatory application of death penalty cases work to create a real risk of wrongful convictions. Therefore, a penalty more severe than imprisonment without the possibility of parole is excessive and violates the Constitution.” In our second article about cyber bullying I think the author used mostly deductive reasoning based off that he used some factual studies to support the answers and allowing truthful statements. However I also so feel that some inductive reasoning was used as well in this passage.

An example of an inductive argument in this article is “One can speculate as to why cyber bullying may feel more distressing to victims. The larger audience, the around the clock availability of digital media, and the ease of dispersing embarrassing photos or videos, all of these affordances may contribute to a larger and more severe impact of cyber bullying over traditional bullying.” An example of an deductive argument is this article is “As might be expected, given that most schools do not allow unstructured access to technology during school hours, being a victim of cyber bullying occurs to a greater extent outside of school compared to inside school.” Both articles showed inductive and deductive arguments.

References

Moore, B. N., & Parker, R. (2012). Critical Thinking (10th ed.). New
Yourk, NY: McGraw-Hill Stevens, John Paul. “The Death Penalty Violates the Constitution of the United States.” The Ethics of Capital Punishment. Ed. Christine Watkins. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

Uhls, Yalda T. “Cyberbullying Has a Broader Impact than Traditional Bullying.” Cyberbullying. Ed. Louise I. Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. At Issue. Rpt. from “Is Bullying Going Digital? Cyber Bullying Facts.” PsychologyinAction.org. 2010. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

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Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Essay

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Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Essay
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  • University/College:
    University of Arkansas System

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Words: 428

  • Pages: 2

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

Deductive reasoning refers to a premise drawn by concrete facts while inductive reasoning is based upon loose conclusions of probability. Within the context of the essay “The Right to be Left Alone,” there are a number of examples of deductive and inductive reasoning.

            In the opening paragraph of the essay, there are clear examples of both forms of reasoning. For example, in the statement that newspaper opinion polls have noted that people are losing faith in the government, we see an example of deductive reasoning. (The fact that this conclusion derives from the concrete facts of a scientific poll) This statement is them immediately following by a very clear example of inductive reasoning when the author puts forth the notion that politicians have isolated themselves from the American people and this is the root of much of the dissatisfied sentiment. While this notion may very well be true, it is an inferred opinion that is not based on an absolute, concrete fact.

            The essay then further examines the role of government in the world by explaining how the government should limit its interference in people’s lives. He uses the role of law enforcement as an example of how the government provides protections to its citizenry as a positive example of the role of government, a clear example of deductive reasoning; and then, he moves into a brief mention that the government oversteps its bounds by banning euthanasia, a clear example of inductive reasoning. (we have no clear way to measure the beneficial impact of euthanasia on society so the author is merely speculating when he mentions the benefits of such a practice) In a weird example of reasoning variances, the author mentions his dog’s health is poor in all probability the result of abuse from a  previous owner (deductive) but then professes that the dog can not ‘walk or leave the house’ (Clearly inductive. How could he assume the dog is incapable of leaving the home?)

            This essay is somewhat interesting in the manner in which it rants its position on the role of government and it is also interesting in the manner in which it combines deductive and inductive reasoning within its pages.

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